Psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy,” involves a person suffering from depression or mental illness and a professional psychotherapist sitting in a solemn room talking. The process includes a variety of techniques to help a person recover, resolve personal issues, and develop positivity and new desires that could change their lives. One good example is the Resilience Psychotherapy of Vancouver, which helps treat depression and anxiety by teaching their patients to develop new coping skills to recover from such conditions.
While there are lots of antidepressant medications that could help alleviate the symptoms of depression and anxiety, studies suggest that combining medications and psychotherapy is the best treatment for depression.
On the other hand, psychotherapy comes in different approaches depending on the severity of the mental problem that needs to be treated as well as personal preferences, and therapy goals.
Below we have listed some types of psychotherapy that could help treat depression and other mental illnesses.
Cognitive therapy usually circles around the idea that our way of thinking can affect our emotions. For instance, if we choose to look for the positive side in every life experience that we have, we will be more likely to feel great and lively as opposed to if we only focus on the negative aspects.
Negative thoughts can only exacerbate one’s depression. It is difficult to grasp the goodness around you when you are stuck in a constant loop of negativity. Cognitive therapy helps a person learns to identify the common source of cognitive distortions and to turn those negative thoughts into more positive ones to improve your mood.
Cognitive therapy is usually goal-focused but short-termed. Therapy sessions usually apply a specific approach for each session, and the patient is also expected to do some “homework” outside of therapy. This type of therapy usually lasts from six to 18 weeks.
According to research, cognitive therapy is also best to combine with behavioral therapy. Both therapy work well together to help alleviate depression and anxiety disorders. Those two, when combined together, are called CBT or cognitive-behavioral therapy.
CBT focuses on treating both the negative thought patterns as well as the behaviors that exacerbate one’s depression. To begin the process, the therapist may ask the patient to keep a journal and have them track every event that happens in their daily life and record any negative reactions. Those habitual negative reactions to events are the first ones to be addressed throughout the therapy. Once the patient has learned to identify the problem source, they will work with their therapist to develop ways of responding with positivity with regards to those kinds of situations.
Like cognitive therapy, CBT is also brief and goal-oriented. It often involves up to 20 structured sessions focused around addressing specific concerns. The therapy is also often accompanied by “homework,” like practicing self-relaxation activities, book readings, and completing list focused on specific goals. Research suggests that CBT can have lasting effects that help prevent future relapse of depressive symptoms.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Dialectical behavior therapy also falls under the CBT. However, the main goal here is to teach their patient the necessary skills to cope with depression and anxiety, regulate their emotions, and improve relationships.
This kind of psychotherapy also includes some practices from Buddhist traditions on how to handle difficult situations. As the patient practices new skills, they better themselves at handling challenging situations on their own.
Psychodynamic therapy, also known as psychoanalytic therapy, is based on the assumption that either the feeling of anxiety or depression occurs due to unresolved conflicts that are often come from childhood experiences. The objective of the therapy is for the patient to become fully aware of their emotions, especially the troubling ones. With this, it helps the patient more effectively to face these feelings and transform them into a more positive perspective.
Unlike other treatments for depression, psychodynamic therapy is less focused but long-term. With this, the therapy can effectively find connections in the patient’s past experiences and learn how those events can trigger depression. The process is helpful for building self-awareness and increase emotional capacity.
If the patient has poor social support as well as interpersonal conflict, those can highly trigger depression. Interpersonal therapy tends to focus on those issues by addressing the patient’s past and current social roles as well as interpersonal interactions. During the treatment, the therapist usually chooses one to two problems in the patient’s present life to focus on. It includes examining social relationships, especially with essential people in their life and find ways of resolving any conflicts that may exist.
Every therapist from Resilience Psychotherapy of Vancouver uses the above therapy procedures depending on their patient situation, but all of them help to alleviate depression and anxiety.