Many states that have legalized either recreational or medical marijuana also allow for a small number of plants to be cultivated for personal use. The laws and regulations differ depending on the jurisdiction. Some of the regulations include how many plants can be grown, where they need to be grown if growing indoors, and needing the landlord’s approval if you’re renting.
TheAmsterdam stopped selling pre-rolls and flower to focus on concentrates and edibles, but you don’t have to go without your favorite strain. It takes some work and cash, but you can set up a place to cultivate marijuana in your own home. Growing indoors is a great idea because your crop won’t be left to the whims of mother nature.
Designate a Grow Room or Space
You don’t necessarily need a lot of space. Some people use a closet or a spare room. A larger space is ideal, allowing you to space out your plants. However, a larger space also requires more lighting and ventilation. This can increase costs.
Keep in mind when choosing a space that cannabis plants have strict light requirements. They will need periods of total darkness, where no light reaches the plant. You’ll also want a space where you can control the temperature and humidity easily. You’ll also need plenty of air circulation, so a room with ventilation and fans is a must.
Choose Your Grow Lights
This is where some of the expense of growing indoors comes in. The quality of light is the number one factor in the quantity and quality of your yields. High-intensity discharge or HID lights are the standard. They’re more expensive than incandescent or fluorescent fixtures but produce more light for the electricity used.
You’ll need two different kinds of lighting for the best outcome. Metal halide (MH) has a blue-ish white light and is used during the vegetative stage. High-pressure sodium (HPS) puts out light that is more in the red end of the spectrum and should be used during the flowering phase.
If you can’t afford both MH and HPS, go with HPS to start out. If you can afford it, LED lights are the best way to go. They last longer, use less electricity, and produce less heat.
Get Some Air
Your cannabis plants are going to need fresh air to thrive and carbon dioxide is essential. To accomplish this, you’ll need an exhaust fan above the plants and a filtered air inlet on the opposite side near the floor. The size of the fans you’ll need will depend on the size of your grow space and the amount of heat generated by the lights. Ideally, you’ll want to keep the temperature between 70 and 85 degrees when lights are on and 58 to 70 degrees when lights are off.
Choose a Medium
Growing indoors gives you the choice between an old-fashioned soil or hydroponic setup. Soil is probably the easiest and most cost-effective system, but hydroponic growing offers faster growth and bigger yields but requires experience and precision.
Choose What to Grow Your Cannabis In
If you’re a first-time grower, you may want to keep it simple and grow your first plants in five-gallon buckets. You’ll want to drill some holes in the bottom for drainage because cannabis plants are sensitive to waterlogged conditions.
High-quality cannabis requires more nutrients than other crops. Your plants will need macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Micronutrients like calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper are also needed in smaller quantities. To accomplish this, you can choose a pre-fertilized soil mix or feed your plants weekly with a solution of those nutrients.
If you follow the above steps and give your plants a lot of patience and love, you’ll have a harvest in 6 to 12 weeks. Once you’ve harvested your buds, the next step is the drying process, which can take up to two weeks.
One the drying process is done, it’s time to enjoy the fruits of your labor! This is just the tip of the iceberg for cultivation, but once you can grow one plant then you can start to investigate saving seeds and making your own hybrids.